“We have secured a group of undocumented Indonesian migrant workers from Malaysia. They are now being tested for COVID-19,” Dafris told The Jakarta Post on Sunday.He said the migrant workers appeared healthy and did not show any symptoms of COVID-19.”We’ll hand them to the Tanjung Bali COVID-19 task force for further treatment,” he said.Read also: Migrant workers repatriated from Malaysia to get construction jobs at home Belawan I Naval Base commander Adm. Abdul Rasyid said he had been deploying more routine border and intelligence patrols amid the influx of Indonesian migrant workers returning from Malaysia.According to government data as of April 21, more than 64,000 Indonesian migrant workers – an estimated 46,000 of whom traveled by sea – had returned from Malaysia amid the country’s ongoing COVID-19 lockdown. On April 20, authorities also caught a fishing vessel carrying 22 undocumented Indonesian migrant workers from Malaysia in Tanjung Tumpul, Asahan regency. “We don’t want to take any chances in this difficult time, as the country is on alert for the COVID-19 pandemic and its transmission – especially from overseas. The Indonesian Navy will increase border patrols, especially in suspected illegal routes,” Abdul told the Post on Sunday.”In recent weeks, we’ve caught many undocumented Indonesian migrant workers returning from Malaysia through illegal routes. We have tried to catch them so that they don’t enter the country without going through medical check-ups. It’s important to curb the spread of COVID-19 from overseas,” he said. (nal)Topics : The Indonesian Navy intercepted 20 undocumented Indonesian migrant workers returning from Malaysia trying to sneak past border authorities through illegal routes in the early hours of the morning on Sunday.The migrant workers, who consisted of seven women and 13 men, boarded a fishing vessel and were caught in Asahan regency, North Sumatra. Officers also found a toddler in the vessel.The commander of Tanjung Balai Asahan Naval Base (Lanal), Com. Dafris Datuk Syahrudin, said the undocumented migrant workers were currently being tested for COVID-19.
Author: admin Page 2 of 292
“This should happen as soon as possible,” said Fanshrullah, speaking at a webinar about the state of Indonesia’s downstream oil and gas industry against the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic. Global crude oil prices are projected to average $35 per barrel this year, almost half of last year’s $61.4 per barrel, according to the World Bank.Observers, legislators and some business players have voiced support for lower fuel prices in Indonesia as global crude oil prices take a beating from record-low global consumption levels. Read also: Explainer: What does the oil price crash mean for Indonesia?In Indonesia, Southeast Asia’s top oil consuming country, daily fuel consumption was 30 percent below normal in April as cities and provinces implement partial lockdowns, based on data from state-owned oil company Pertamina, the country’s largest fuel distributor. The government agency in charge of downstream oil and gas policies is calling for lower fuel prices “as soon as possible” in light of the global oil price slump, while the energy ministry maintains a wait-and-see approach.Downstream Oil and Gas Regulatory Agency (BPH Migas) head Fanshrullah Asa said on Friday his office “wanted fuel prices – while global oil prices are falling – to fall too, as social fairness to the people”. BPH Migas reports directly to the President, but fuel prices are regulated by the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry. The world’s top oil exporting nations, also known as OPEC+, recently agreed to cut global crude oil production by a steep 9.7 million barrels per day in May and June, which is expected to raise oil prices over the year.The energy ministry has raised concerns over a public and political backlash if the government were to lower government-administered fuel prices today then raise them again when global crude prices recover over the year.“The government is still monitoring and evaluating developments related to oil prices,” Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry spokesman Agung Pribadi said in a previous statement.The ministry had issued a ministerial decree in February that scraps the price floor and introduces a new calculation formula for the price ceiling, giving room for lower prices and preventing wild price increases.Topics :
Achieving an R0 below 1 was also mentioned in several new regulations and guidelines as a prerequisite for transitioning to the new normal.But what is the R0 and what does it say about the current national health crisis?What is R0?R0 refers to a disease’s basic reproduction number, while RT refers to the R0 at a given time. Both indicators measure how contagious an infectious disease is. In the past couple of weeks, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo and other government officials have repeatedly cited the R0 – pronounced R-naught – of COVID-19 in Indonesia as the country gears up to enter the “new normal” period to restart the economy. Jokowi said on Wednesday that the R0 in Jakarta had dropped to below 1 and explained that the government should continue efforts to lower it. Quoting data from the National Development Planning Board (Bappenas), Coordinating Economic Minister Airlangga Hartanto said on Wednesday that the R0 in some regions had fallen below 1. R0 represents the expected number of new cases that might be generated from one infection case, and the R0 can differ from region to region.The average R0 for the seasonal flu in the United States, for example, is 1.3. This means that, for every 1,000 people with the flu, 1,300 others will become infected. These 1,300 people will in turn infect another 1,690 people, who will then infect another 2,197 people and so on. After 10 generations of infections, over 40,000 people would have the flu.An R0 above 1 means that an outbreak will grow exponentially, while an R0 below 1 means that an outbreak in a certain area will peter out, as each infected person will infect fewer than one other person on average.World Health Organization documents published in February estimated an R0 of 2 to 2.5 for COVID-19 in Hubei, China, which is said to be the ground zero of the disease.Read also: 50 days of Indonesia’s partial lockdown. Is it enough for the ‘new normal’?How is it calculated and what affects it? Windhu Purnomo, an epidemiology expert at Airlangga University in Surabaya, East Java, said that three variables determined a disease’s R0 and RT: its transmission method, its period of contagion and the rate of physical contact among infected individuals. According to the WHO, COVID-19 is transmittable through respiratory droplets and has a contagious period of 16 to 19 days.“While we cannot manipulate the method of transmission, the contagious period can be shortened by immediately treating infected patients. Social distancing measures can also reduce the amount of physical contact,” Windhu told The Jakarta Post.Windhu estimated that the current RT of COVID-19 in Indonesia was around 1.1. Estimates of RTs in Indonesia’s 34 provinces as of May 18, 2020. (Courtesy of the National Development Planning Board (Bappenas)/–)Panji Fortuna Hadisoemarto, an epidemiology expert from Padjadjaran University in Bandung, West Java, said that Indonesia’s geographic and population diversity also needed to be accounted for and the RT of around 1.1 only represented a national average.“It’s meaningless to count the reproductive number of Indonesia as it is very vast and heterogeneous,” Panji told the Post on Wednesday, adding that Bappenas data as of May 18 showed the RT varied widely between provinces.Low testing rate may skew R0, RT estimatesWindhu raised concerns that any estimates of Indonesia’s RT may be inaccurate due to the low levels of COVID-19 testing.He said that Indonesia’s daily testing capability, which the government claimed had reached 12,000, was not yet stable due to several cases of reagent shortages, adding that the country should at least be able to perform 20,000 tests per day.As of Monday, Indonesia had conducted 333,415 swab tests for COVID-19, a testing rate of 1,235 tests per 1 million people, one of the lowest testing rates in the world. In comparison, neighboring countries Malaysia and Singapore have testing rates of 17,000 and 57,000 tests per 1 million people respectively.Medical workers take swab samples from a patient under surveillance (PDP) in Tarakan General Hospital in North Kalimantan on Tuesday, April 28, 2020. The samples will be tested using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing method to determine whether the patient has contracted the novel coronavirus. (Antara/Fachrurrozi)Some regions, such as Jakarta, have higher testing rates than the national average, which may lead to more accurate estimates of the RT. Bappenas head Suharso Monoarfa said last week that the capital had tested more than 5,000 people per 1 million people.Other regions, however, have tested far less. Local news site analisaaceh.com, for example, reported last week that Aceh – a province with one of the lowest numbers of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the country – had only conducted 303 COVID-19 swab tests, a testing rate of 57 tests per 1 million people.R0 and the new normalGovernment officials have cited the relatively low estimates of R0s and RTs in several regions as justification for entering the so-called new normal by reopening public and commercial facilities and resuming economic activities, albeit with certain health protocols.Windhu, however, urged caution.While he estimated that Indonesia’s current RT was around 1.1, he said it would continue to increase or decrease depending on the measures taken to contain the outbreak. For example, tightening or loosening physical distancing measures could reduce or increase the RT.“If the RT is 1.1 now and we suddenly relax [social restrictions], it could spike again. We also have to observe how long it remains at 1.1,” Windhu said. “If it remains [at 1.1] for around two weeks, then it will be fine, but we should not loosen [social restrictions] if it continues to fluctuate.”University of Indonesia epidemiologist Syahrizal Syarif, meanwhile, advised against using R0 and RT estimates as policy reference altogether due to the suspected inaccuracy of the available data in the country.Instead, he said the government could refer to the consistent daily decrease of new COVID-19 cases as a more accurate indicator for loosening social restrictions. “If new cases continue to decrease for more than 14 days at minimum, then we can safely say that the epidemic is under control,” he told the Post.However, Syahrizal also said that more testing was needed so that the daily recorded cases could better reflect the real-world transmission rate.Topics :
France on Thursday cancelled the 2020 Bastille Day military parade due to coronavirus social distancing requirements, replacing it with a tribute to health workers fighting the pandemic.Rather than the traditional march of soldiers and military hardware down the Champs-Elysees on July 14, this year will see a much smaller ceremony at the Place de la Concorde, the presidency said.The annual parade to mark the July 14, 1789 storming of the Bastille fortress in Paris during the French Revolution, has been held on the Champs-Elysees since World War I. The event will include a highlight of the yearly show — the flypast — in honor of medical personnel, military and all others “mobilized against the virus”, the presidential palace said. De Gaulle tributeFour other countries — Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Luxembourg — have been invited to attend this year’s event to thank them for having taken coronavirus patients into their hospitals in regions bordering France, said the presidency.The event will likely not be open to the public, although this decision could be re-evaluated if the health situation improves.Every year, thousands of people throng the Champs-Elysees to view the spectacle of men, women and their weapons of war rolling down the avenue to army bands as French flags flutter everywhere.Last year’s parade, themed to celebrate European military cooperation, was marred by violent clashes between police and anti-government protesters.A year earlier, two motorcyclists from the French national gendarmerie collided and fighter jets sprayed the colors of the nation’s flag in the wrong order.President Emmanuel Macron, in his first months in office, used the 2017 Bastille Day parade to wow his guest of honor, freshly inaugurated US President Donald Trump.This year’s ceremony will also pay tribute to resistance hero-turned-president Charles de Gaulle who died 50 years ago this year. This will be the first year without one since the end of World War II.It normally starts at the Arc de Triomphe, a monument to those who fought for France, and ends at Concorde, where King Louis XVI was beheaded in 1793 in the revolution that overthrew France’s monarchy.This year, the square will host a military ceremony with some 2,000 participants and 2,500 guests, who will gather in strict respect of social distancing rules seeking to halt the spread of the virus that has killed more than 29,000 people in France.”It will be a reinvented 14th of July adapted to the circumstances,” Defense Minister Florence Parly said. Topics :
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) stand to benefit from digital tools to manage their finances and operations, as well as make strategic business decisions as the pandemic accelerates the use of technology, experts have said.Adhitya Satriadi, the managing director of TMP Accounting, said on Thursday that there were plenty of digital tools in the market to help SMEs optimize their businesses.“There are several tools that can make your life easier in order to better manage your finances,” Adhitya said in a Jakpost Up Close webinar titled “Digitizing SMEs, managing finances to weather crisis”. MokaPos, Xero, Google Drive, OnlinePajak, Gadjian and Syft Analytics are some of the digital tools he mentioned. Adhitya said the pandemic was giving SMEs the opportunity to digitize and better manage their finances throughout the pandemic, which has hit small businesses hard. Out of more than 60 million small businesses in Indonesia, only 13 percent have gone digital.Micro, small and medium enterprises account for 60 percent of Indonesia’s GDP and 97 percent of the Indonesian workforce, according to official data. An estimated 5.5 million workers risk losing their jobs as a result of the pandemic, indicating the crucial role SMEs play in the Indonesian economy, The Jakarta Post deputy editor-in-chief M. Taufiqurrahman said in the webinar.Gojek head of merchant platform business Novi Tandjung said a recent survey on its merchants in April indicated there was optimism over an economic recovery. Eight out of 10 businesses said they expected business conditions to improve in the next six months, according to the study.“Things are changing and they need to adapt. But they feel super optimistic,” Novi said. “They do have the survival mentality [and their] adaptability is high. That is encouraging for us.”Since the COVID-19 pandemic hit Indonesia in March, leaving brick-and-mortar stores with fewer customers, more than 100,000 small businesses have signed up for Gojek’s digital tools, according to data collected by the firm between March and May.Hoping to capitalize on the opportunities presented by this, Gojek is offering multiple tools SMEs can use to expand their access to consumers, business knowledge and infrastructure, with analytical tools and apps being used to manage supplies of raw materials.Most SMEs that had partnered with Gojek used its point-of-sales platform, GoBiz, to manage their finances, Novi said.Recognizing that the pandemic has forced small businesses to adapt, the government has partnered with tech-based companies to help 2 million small businesses establish an online presence.Big businesses are also helping, using digital tools to support their growth. Gojek’s analytical tools have helped coffee chain Kopi Kenangan identify locations that have a high demand for its products.“It is very important for us to understand consumer behavior,” said Rahmat Budiardjo, Kopi Kenangan senior vice president. “It will be very important in the future.”The coffee chain, after securing US$109 million in its latest round of funding in May, is planning to open 500 new stores this year. The firm currently operates 324 stores and delivers its beverages, including iced coffee, via its mobile app and GoFood.Between March and May, Gojek booked a threefold increase in instant food and drink transactions on GoFood.Local fashion brand Cotton Ink also uses digital tools, including social media, to communicate with its customers. The pandemic, for example, led them to double down on its strategy, according to Ria Sarwono, the firm’s founder and marketing director.Cotton Ink tried to introduce new products like cloth masks and expand its customer base by opening a business-to-business partnership to offset the losses caused by pandemic restrictions.However, like other firms, the pandemic-induced downturn forced the firm to keep revising its long-term business plan and consider taking a bank loan to stay afloat.“Before the pandemic, we had a three-year plan, five-year plan. But everything changed three months ago,” Ria said.“We do not have an emergency fund. I think this will be the first time we consider a bank loan to support our operations.”Adhitya of TMP Accounting said businesses needed to build an emergency fund regardless of their size, one that could cover operational expenses for three to six months.“In the pandemic situation, the emergency fund is one of the most important things businesses should have because of the uncertainty,” said Adhit.“In this pandemic, business owners also have to run through all expenses and cut unimportant expenses to make sure the business is running as efficient as possible and as long as possible.”Topics :
“No matter how much stimulus and fiscal sugar you try to entice consumers with, they will not leave their apartment and go on a spending spree until they feel confident the landscape is virus-free,” said AxiCorp strategist Stephen Innes.The retail sector occupies an increasingly crucial role in China’s economy as leaders look to consumers, rather than trade and investment, to drive growth.A domestic consumption pick-up is especially needed as external demand weakens, but Innes noted it is easier to normalise supply than demand.Louis Kuijs of Oxford Economics said household consumption remains the “weakest link” among indicators, although China’s economic upturn is expected to continue in the second half of 2020.’Still under pressure’Economists warn, however, that official Chinese figures should be taken with a grain of salt, with longstanding suspicions they are massaged upward for political reasons by a ruling Communist Party that bases its legitimacy on delivering continued prosperity.”Is it too good to be true?” ING chief economist for Greater China Iris Pang asked, telling AFP that more data was needed.She also pointed to risks down the road including trade and tech tensions with other major economies, particularly the United States.Economists also warn of uncertainty owing to an uneven recovery — growth in infrastructure investment has rebounded, but private fixed-asset investment and retail sales remained weak.As if mindful of the concerns, Xi pledged that “China will foster new opportunities and create new prospects for Chinese and foreign enterprises”, and will implement growth-oriented policies, his letter said, according to Xinhua.The coronavirus, which first emerged in the city of Wuhan late last year, has since shut businesses and destroyed millions of jobs globally, likely tipping the world economy into recession.Growth beat the 1.3 percent gain tipped in an AFP poll of analysts but remains among China’s lowest quarterly expansion rates on record.The economy contracted 1.6 percent on-year in the first six months, the NBS said, and urban unemployment dipped to 5.7 percent in June from 5.9 percent a month earlier.Unemployment is a closely watched marker, with nearly nine million graduates expected to enter an uncertain labour market this year and analysts saying actual joblessness is likely higher.Industrial production grew 4.8 percent in June, in line with expectations and up from 4.4 percent in May.NBS spokeswoman Liu Aihua said China’s economy was staging a “gradual recovery”.But it is “still under pressure” as the pandemic ravages many of China’s key trading partners.China is expected to be the only major economy to see growth in 2020, being the first hit by the virus and to bounce back.Topics : China’s economy returned to growth in the second quarter following a coronavirus contraction, with President Xi Jinping promising continued expansion ahead and urging foreign companies to be a part of it.The forecast-beating figures released Thursday follow a string of data showing the world’s number two economy slowly emerging from the pandemic, and should provide hope to other governments looking to recover from a crisis that has likely caused a global recession.Gross domestic product expanded 3.2 percent in April-June, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said, smashing expectations and a massive improvement on the 6.8 percent contraction in the first quarter. In a letter to members of the Global CEO Council, Xi said “the fundamentals of China’s long-term economic growth have not changed and will not change”, according to state media.He reiterated repeated pledges to continue opening up an economy that many foreign businesses say offers unfair advantages to Chinese companies, and added that it was “the right choice to stay rooted in China”.However, in a sign that full recovery could take time, retail sales – a key indication of consumer sentiment – fell short of forecasts, shrinking 1.8 percent on-year in June, suggesting continued reticence about going out to spend even as the virus appears largely under control in China.The data also failed to lift Asian markets, led by Shanghai, which tanked 4.5 percent having rallied around 15 percent this month.
Dozens of cities and regencies in the country have violated regulations on reopening schools by neglecting the requisite health protocols or re-operating in areas with a high risk of COVID-19 transmission, the Education and Culture Ministry said on Tuesday.Ministry secretary-general Ainun Naim revealed such violations had been found in 79 cities or regencies, which consist of 18 designated so-called “green zones”, 39 “yellow zones”, 20 “orange zones” and two “red zones”.“We understand that many people want to return to face-to-face learning in schools, but we also have to ensure that it is conducted carefully and in a controlled manner,” Ainun said Tuesday, as quoted by kompas.com. “Please be patient and prioritize the health and safety of the education community.” The National COVID-19 task force has mapped the risk status of all regions in the country based on 15 criteria from the World Health Organization. The indicators, which include the number of new cases, suspects and fatalities, determine whether a region falls into the green, yellow, orange or red category.Read also: Govt to allow schools outside green zones to reopenAreas considered green, or with the lowest risk of coronavirus transmission, have been allowed to reopen schools, as long as strict health procedures, such wearing masks and maintaining physical distancing, are followed. Schools are also required to limit the number of students per classroom to 18, roughly 50 percent of the previous capacity.Schools located in yellow, orange and red zones, meanwhile, are still prohibited from holding face-to-face classes — as regulated in a joint ministerial decree issued by the education and culture minister, the religious affairs minister, the home minister and the health minister.Education and Culture Minister Nadiem Makarim previously said that the number of students in green zones was roughly equivalent to 6 percent of all students in the country, meaning that the remaining 94 percent had to continue their education through online sessions.A recent poll by Cyrus Network, however, suggested that the majority of Indonesians wanted the government to reopen schools and universities, despite the outbreak showing no signs of abating. The survey found that 80.2 percent of 1,230 respondents polled from July 16 to 20 were in favor or reopening schools, while 19.8 percent were opposed. (vny)Topics :
“I passed the selection process and was appointed as the director of institutional affairs, whose job is to build strategic relationships with partners, accelerate digital and business transformation and support innovations made by other departments.”Other than Nezar, the newly appointed directors include digital business director of telecommunication giant PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Telkom), Faizal Rochmad Djoemadi, who will serve as the president director of PT Pos Indonesia and vice president of human capital engagement at Mandiri Bank, Tonggo Marbun, as the director of human and general resources.SOE Minister Erick Thohir also appointed CEO of Muamalat Bank and independent commissioner at PT Zurich Endy Pattia Rahmadi as the director of finance, as well as Hariadi, formerly a director at Quantum Solutions Logistics Indonesia, as director of courier and logistics.The decree stipulates that members of the board of directors at PT Pos Indonesia are not allowed to have multiple positions and therefore must resign or be removed from their previous position. The Jakarta Post’s editor-in-chief Nezar Patria has been appointed to the board of directors at state-owned postal company PT Pos Indonesia.According to a State-Owned Enterprises (SOE) ministerial decree issued on Wednesday, a copy of which was obtained by the Post, Nezar will serve as PT Pos Indonesia’s director of institutional affairs, replacing former director Noer Fajriansyah.“I want to take on a new challenge in the bigger ecosystem of digital industry,” Nezar told the Post. Nezar said he would officially leave the Post on Oct. 1.“Starting [Thursday], I serve as PT Pos Indonesia’s director of institutional affairs. On Oct. 1, my position at the Post will be handed over to the new editor-in-chief,” Nezar said.He also expressed his regret for having to leave the Post.“It’s sad because the Post is more than just an English-language media; it shows journalism with attitude and impact,” Nezar said.”I really enjoyed working with my comrades at The Jakarta Post, but change is inevitable, I think I’m giving the younger people opportunity to take over and bring the Post to the next level.Nezar had served as the Post’s chief editor since Feb. 1, 2018, becoming the sixth editor-in-chief since the paper’s first publication in April 1983.Prior to his appointment as chief editor, Nezar took the helm of the Post’s online department, leading the expansion of the paper’s website since 2015.Topics :